Mondulkiri is the largest province in Cambodia and the most sparsely populated. Before the Vietnam War this area was part of Kratie Province until the King Norodom Sihanouk ordered its creation. The region is home to the Bunong people, an ethnic group that had occupied the provincial area for over 2000 years.
Development and real estate investment have radically increased during the past year, however all this ‘progress’ comes with a major threat from illegal logging that is damaging the area’s virgin forests. There are currently a number of NGOs working towards a solution to protect the area’s virgin forests and natural resources.
The area is known for its green hills, flat grasslands, tropical jungles and waterfalls. It is a good place for trekking enthusiasts to explore the Cambodian forest. The region is home to a number of conservationists attempting to create sustainable tourism activities and also a few wildlife sanctuaries.
Senmonorom is the capital of Mondulkiri and the only major town in the province. It is set at 800m which makes it considerably colder and less humid than the rest of Cambodia; warm clothes are recommended at night during the cold-dry season. With a small population and very little development, the tourism activities in the region are focused on the outdoors.